Naturals park

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Bílé Karpaty Biosphere Reserve

Location
The southwest end of the Carpathian Mountain range, which includes the highlands and mountainous areas in the Moravian part of the White Carpathian Mountains in the regions of Zlín, Hodonín and Uherské Hradiště.

Area
71 000 ha



History
Proclaimed a protected area in 1980, since 1996 the UNESCO biosphere reserve

Altitude
180-970 m above sea level

Nature
The relief is formed by one, in some places two parallel mountain ridges with numerous sidelong ranges. The central part has a mountainous character, in some places the mountain range is split up with deep river valleys, sometimes reaching the depth of 500 m, which flow into the Váh River. The whole area consists of a few independent mountain groups (Radějovská Highland, Javořina, Lopeník, Javorník, Vršatec). On the Moravian side of the mountains there are no significant rock formations.

Rare and protected species
The territory is formed for hundreds of years and has a character of an extensive English park. The forest areas (45%) alternate flowery meadows with solitaire ragged oaks and beeches. It is unique in Europe. Due to the variety of the micro-relief, various species of flora reside in the White Carpathian Mountains, among them both steppe species and exclusively wet grounded. The gnat-flower species are the best-known here, the most significant among them being the bee orchids, the trident gnat-flower, the dark-winged the military and the common orchids. Also you can find here the bulbiferous lily, and the black hellebore. The black hellebore grows only in this area in Moravia and in the Slansko region in Bohemia. The northern lynx, the brown bear, the wildcat, the southern wood-pie, the red-breasted flycatcher, the redhead butcherbird, the black stork and the big raven are among the animal species that live here. You can also see the tree grass-snake or admire a large range of butterflies along with other insect species.

Nature interests
Čertoryje, Cestiska, Porážky, Hrčánky, Kaňoury, Mechnačky, Mravenčí louka (Ants meadow), Pod horou (Below the mountain), Pod Hribovňou (Under Hribovňa), Sviní hnízdo (Swine nest), Šumlatová, U Petrůvky, Vápenky, Za lesem (Behind the Forest), Sidonie, Ve Vlčí. You can get more information about the above mentioned places in the Administration Office of the NP.Main tourist centres Several larger towns, such as Uherské Hradiště, Uherský Brod, Hodonín and more distant Zlín, are located in the protected landscape area. They provide you with good accommodation and food services.

České Švýcarsko National Park
(Bohemian Switzerland National Park)

Location
The České Švýcarsko national park includes the most valuable part of Labské pískovce (Elbe Sandstones), Jetřichovické stěny (Jetřichovice Walls) and the border area of Děčínské stěny (Decin Walls). To the south and the north-east, the national park is enclosed by the Labské Pískovce Protected Landscape Area, whereas to the east the Lužické hory (Lusatian Mountains) Protected Landscape Area lies adjacent to the park.

Area
NP - 79 square kilometres

History
Česko-saské Švýcarsko (Czech-Saxon Switzerland) is one of the most renowned traditional tourist destinations in Central Europe. This tradition goes back to the period of Romanticism, when Swiss and German romantic painters "discovered" the area. The first efforts to protect Saske Svycarsko on a large scale date back to 1928. On January 1, 2000, the České Švýcarsko national park became the fourth national park to be established in the Czech Republic. The park links to the Sächsische Schweiz (Saxon Switzerland) National Park in Germany across the border, which was founded in 1990.

Nature
The Česke Švýcarsko national park, a unique sandstone "rock town", is part of a large natural formation called Labské pískovce (Elbe Sandstones). Jetřichovické stěny, an area of square sandstones, displays leaks of basalt minerals, and the separate examples of Jurassic sandstones to be found along Bilý potok (White Stream) are also display interesting geological features. The park's relief, which contributes to the local specific climatic conditions, markedly increases the biodiversity of České Švýcarsko, as do the local water streams, above all the small rivers Kamenice and Křinice. Due to the flow of cold air, climatic inversion develops in deep gorges and passes. As a result, piedmont and mountain species of plant can be found at the bottom of cold, wet gorges, at an altitude of approximately 150 metres above sea level. Owing to their vastness, and at the same time extremely low population density, the Bohemian Switzerland and the Saxon Switzerland National Parks form a unique unit that has no equal in Europe.

National attractions
The Pravčická brána (Pravčická Gate) national natural monument - a unique stone bridge, the Tichá and Divoká Gorges of the small river Kamenice, the Jetřichovické Rocks, small rock castles (for example, Šaunštejn, Falkenštejn), the Kyjovské Valley, which passes on to the gorge of the small River Křinice, the Růžák Hill (619 metres above sea level), in which virgin forest style ecosystems can be found, etc.

Main Tourist Centres
Mezná, an administrative part of Hřensko and the only village to be found in the national park, with valuable examples of folk architecture (a cottage featuring a supporting wooden arcade), the Mezní Louka Hotel - a starting point for trips to the Pravčická Gate and to gorges.